Research

30 July 2012

Net Neutrality 101 by Richard French [University of Ottawa Law & Technology Journal] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: Network neutrality is a controversy of American origin, which, given the American foundations of the internet, has spread to a number of other jurisdictions, including Canada. In this article, I attempt to provide an introduction to the issues in a Canadian context for the non-specialist. Network neutrality is a debate about the public interests in freedom of expression, consumer protection, and economic growth and innovation, as they are mediated by the expansion of broadband internet access.

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08 July 2012

Why Monitor Violent Websites? A Justification by Raphael Cohen-Almagor & Sharon Haleva-Amir [Beijing Law Journal] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: The authors argue that the international community should continue working together to devise rules for monitoring specific Internet sites, as human lives are at stake. Preemptive measures could prevent the translation of murderous thoughts into murderous actions.

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16 June 2012

It’s a Mad, Mad Internet: Globalization and the Challenges Presented by Internet Censorship by Jessica E. Bauml Federal Communications Law Journal

The advent of the Internet has brought tremendous technological advancements and growth to the world. However, it has also become a source of conflict, particularly when different countries attempt to regulate this very ubiquitous and amorphous medium. The most notable controversy has arisen in China -- home to the world's most advanced system of Internet censorship, which levies harsh penalties on those who violate the country's strict censorship laws. China's "Great Firewall" has raised many eyebrows and is garnishing substantial criticism in response to the human rights abuses that result from the jailing and reported torture of Chinese dissidents.

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11 June 2012

A Constitutional Solution for Internet Governance by Rolf H. Weber, R. Shawn Gunnarson & Kirton McConkie [Columbia Science and Technology Law Review] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: Internet governance has long been troubled by an unresolved problem. Its dominant organization, ICANN, suffers from inadequate accountability. ICANN holds the exclusive authority to manage the Domain Name System ("DNS") that enables the Internet to function as a global network, and that authority is exercised by a Board of Directors whose powers are virtually unconstrained. ICANN's exercise of unconstrained power over the Internet DNS is associated with a conspicuous gap between the accountability ICANN needs and the accountability it delivers. ICANN needs sufficient accountability, at least, to honor its written commitments and to satisfy its stakeholders' expectations. Unfortunately, ICANN's performance falls short in both regards.

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08 June 2012

The ITU Treaty Negotiations: A Call for Openness and Participation by Patrick S. Ryan & Jacob Glick [NANOG 55th Meeting] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: The International Telecommunications Union is renegotiating its treaty with the 193 countries of the world, and it hopes to expand from the telecommunications arena into the Internet.

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04 June 2012

The Changing Patterns of Internet Usage by Christopher S. Yoo Federal Communications Law Journal

Abstract: The Internet unquestionably represents one of the most important technological developments in recent history. It has revolutionized the way people communicate with one another and obtain information and created an unimaginable variety of commercial and leisure activities. Interestingly, many members of the engineering community often observe that the current network is ill-suited to handle the demands that end users are placing on it. Indeed, engineering researchers often describe the network as ossified and impervious to significant architectural change. As a result, both the U.S. and the European Commission are sponsoring "clean slate" projects to study how the Internet might be designed differently if it were designed from scratch today.

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21 May 2012

Tweeting about TV: Sharing television viewing experiences via social media message streams by D. Yvette Wohn, Eun-Kyung Na First Monday

Abstract: Through content analysis of messages posted on Twitter, we categorize the types of content into a matrix -- attention, emotion, information, and opinion. We use this matrix to analyze televised political and entertainment programs, finding that different types of messages are salient for different types of programs, and that the frequencies of the types correspond with program content.

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13 May 2012

The age of Web diplomacy: Exploration of international broadcasting online by Aziz Douai First Monday

Abstract: This paper examines the Web sites of 10 international broadcasters targeting Arabic speaking audiences in the Middle East. Data from 2006 and 2009 are used to compare the formal features of the sites, mainly domain names, hyperlinks and type of news stories presented on the sites.

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10 May 2012

The value of online friends: Networked resources via social network sites by Michael A. Stefanone, Kyounghee Kwon, Derek Lackaff First Monday

Abstract: This study investigated the instrumental value of resources embedded in online social networks. 49 primary participants solicited a total of 588 secondary participants who were asked to complete a modest task.

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29 April 2012

Conflicts between Trademarks and Domain Names: A Critical Analysis by Snehlata Singh Social Science Research Network

Abstract: The essay discusses the issue of conflicts between trademarks and domain names. It discusses in detail the causes and kinds of the disputes and what the current legal system has to offer to this situation. Conflicts such as cybersquatting, typosquatting, reverse domain name hijacking are discussed in length with the help of relevant case laws.

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OECD: Measuring the Broadband Bonus in Thirty OECD Countries OECD

This paper provides estimates of the economic value created by broadband Internet using measures of new gross domestic product and consumer surplus. The study finds that the economic value created in 30 OECD countries correlates roughly with the overall size of their broadband economies.

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15 April 2012

Measuring the Internet: The Data Challenge OECD

This working paper reviews a number of the challenges and opportunities confronting analysts interested in measuring the Internet and its economic and social impacts. It identifies several additional challenges to the measurement issue, in addition to all of the normal problems one expects when measuring information and communication technologies (ICTs). These challenges are related to: the rapidly changing nature of the Internet, the need for more granular data in order to understand the complex nature of the Internet, and the phenomenon of big data and the resulting ability to measure almost anything.

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12 April 2012

Wireless Efficiency Versus Net Neutrality by Charles L. Jackson Federal Communications Law Journal

This Article first addresses congestion and congestion control in the Internet. It shows how congestion control has always depended upon altruistic behavior by end users. Equipment failures, malicious acts, or abandonment of altruistic behavior can lead to severe congestion within the Internet. Consumers benefit when network operators are able to control such congestion.

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01 April 2012

The Right to Be Forgotten? by Conrad Coutinho Columbia Science and Technology Law Review

Have you ever Googled your own name? Statistics say that you probably have. Egotism aside, in a world where potential employers, schools and even romantic partners are likely to Google you, it would be irresponsible not to be aware of what pops up when you search your name. Many experts (and this non-expert) even recommend setting up a Google alert in your name.

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25 March 2012

Extending Tort Liability To Creators Of Fake Profiles On Social Networking Websites by Bradley Kay Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

In today's world, social media has become ubiquitous. While social media provides opportunities for networking, there are also opportunities for exploitation. Courts and legislatures have provided remedies for some wrongs that can occur on social networking websites.

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18 March 2012

Negotiating a New Governance Hierarchy: An Analysis of the Conflicting Incentives to Secure Internet Routing by Brenden Kuerbis & Milton Mueller [Communications and Strategies] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: New security technologies are never neutral in their impact; it is known that they can alter power relations and economic dependencies among stakeholders. This article examines the attempt to introduce the Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) to the Internet to help improve routing security, and identifies incentives various actors have towards RPKI implementation.

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11 March 2012

Sixteen, Sexting, and a Sex Offender: How Advances in Cell Phone Technology Have Led to Teenage Sex Offenders by Megan Sherman Boston University Journal of Science & Technology Law

In 2007, a Florida state court prosecuted a sixteen-year-old girl, A.H., for electronically sending nude pictures of herself to her seventeen-year-old boyfriend. The court charged A.H. and her boyfriend with producing, directing, and promoting child pornography. Under Florida's child pornography laws, A.H. faces a severe prison sentence and may be required to register as a sex offender for the remainder of her life if convicted. "Imagine in the year 2063, a 70-year-old woman having to post a notice that she is a registered sex offender because of a camera-phone picture she snapped of herself in 2009."

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08 March 2012

Persistent Enemies and Cyberwar: Rivalry Relations in an Age of Information Warfare by Brandon G Valeriano & Ryan Maness [Western Political Science Association 2011 Annual Meeting Paper] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: As society moves into the digital age, international interactions are increasing hinge on cyber technologies for the realms of diplomacy, military, business, social interactions, and commerce. Technology has become a necessary aspect of daily life and interstate relations. When goods and activities are critical and valuable to society, these activities also become predatory targets.

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08 February 2012

Why Is Facebook So Successful? Psychophysiological Measures Describe a Core Flow State While Using Facebook by Maurizio Mauri, Pietro Cipresso, Anna Balgera, Marco Villamira, and Giuseppe Riva Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking

Abstract: People are more and more using social networking sites (SNSs) like Facebook and MySpace to engage with others. The use of SNSs can have both positive and negative effect on the individual; however, the increasing use of SNSs might reveal that people look for SNSs because they have a positive experience when they use them. Few studies have tried to identify which particular aspects of the social networking experience make SNSs so successful. In this study we focus on the affective experience evoked by SNSs.

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05 February 2012

An Economic Map of Cybercrime by Jens Grossklags, John Chuang, Chris Jay Hoofnagle, Alfredo Alvarez Cardenas & Svetlana Radosavac [TPRC 2009] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: The rise of cybercrime in the last decade is an economic case of individuals responding to monetary and psychological incentives. Two main drivers for cybercrime can be identified: the potential gains from cyberattacks are increasing with the growth of importance of the Internet, and malefactors' expected costs (e.g., the penalties and the likelihood of being apprehended and prosecuted) are frequently lower compared with traditional crimes. In short, computer-mediated crimes are more convenient, and protable, and less expensive and risky than crimes not mediated by the Internet. The increase in cybercriminal activities, coupled with ineffective legislation and ineffective law enforcement pose critical challenges for maintaining the trust and security of our computer infrastructures.

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29 January 2012

Www.Aussiefirewall.Com.Au/Blocked by Mitchell Landrigan [Communications Law Bulletin] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: The article reviews the Australian government's mandatory ISP filtering regime. It commends the Australian government for its action in seeking to regulate the distribution of sexually explicit content involving children. The effectiveness of the mandatory ISP filtering regime is, however, another matter.

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26 January 2012

The Internet and its Opportunities for Cybercrime by Bert-Jaap Koops [Transnational Criminology Manual] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: The Internet deserves special attention in criminology as well as criminal law and policy, because of several characteristics: it is global, instantaneous, intrinsically transborder, digital, and enables automated information processing. Because of these characteristics, the Internet provides special opportunities to commit cybercrimes: crimes in which computer networks are the target or a substantial tool.

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22 January 2012

Net Neutrality as Diplomacy by Jonathan Zittrain http://yalelawandpolicy.org/29/net-neutrality-as-diplomacy

Abstract: Popular imagination holds that the turf of a state's foreign embassy is a little patch of its homeland. Enter the American Embassy in Beijing and you are in the United States. Indeed, in many contexts - such as resistance to search and seizure by a host country's authorities - there is an inviolability to diplomatic outposts. These arrangements have been central to diplomacy for decades so that diplomats can perform their work without fear of harassment and coercion.

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16 January 2012

Keywords Advertising: Issues of Trademark Infringement by Althaf Marsoof Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology

Abstract: The Internet has become a crucial advertising tool for modern-day businesses. Increasingly, business enterprises are opting for online presence, and this phenomenon has significantly transformed advertising techniques. Consumers wish to spend less time and gain optimal results whilst searching for products and services on the Internet. In this setting, enterprising entities, such as Google, have sought to make maximum use of the need for online presence which has given rise to Internet advertising schemes such as Google's 'AdWords.

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03 January 2012

Governments, Privatization, and "Privatization": ICANN and the GAC by Jonathan Weinberg Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

What kind of organization, then, is ICANN? It is in form a private body, a California-based § 501(c)(3) nonprofit corporation.5 Yet when it comes to ICANN, the usual lines between what is private and what is public have always been blurred. In this Essay, I will address the relationship between ICANN and national governments, and how that relationship has changed over time. I'll discuss the changing nature of ICANN's relationship with the U.S. government, as well as the evolution of other national governments' policy-making role within ICANN.

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