Research

07 December 2014

China and Technical Global Internet Governance: Beijing's Approach to Multi-Stakeholder Governance within ICANN, WSIS and the IGF by Tristan Galloway & Baogang He [Deakin University] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: Since the late 1990s, the Chinese government has engaged in a process of attempting to reform the technical global internet governance regime, which is currently dominated by the US government and non-state actors.

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18 November 2014

OECD Report: The Economics of Transition to IPv6 OECD

This report makes the case that IPv6 represents an example of a platform; within the context of IPv6, the sides of the platform are Internet service providers, backbone providers, device manufacturers, content providers, and so forth. The net benefits to adopting the new platform are not distributed equally across sides.

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16 November 2014

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014 OECD

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policies, and performance in more than 45 economies, including OECD countries and major emerging economies

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14 November 2014

Wireless Market Structures and Network Sharing OECD

A key issue for policy makers and regulators across the OECD area is the market structures that will best deliver efficient and inclusive mobile communication services. This has led to two issues addressed in this report, namely: the recent experience in selected countries, which have changed or held constant the number of facilities based operators; and the initial experience and key questions that have arisen with wireless network sharing.

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02 November 2014

Baywatch: Two Approaches to Measure the Effects of Blocking Access to the Pirate Bay by Joost Poort, Jorna Leenheer, Jeroen Van der Ham & Cosmin Dumitru Social Science Research Network

Abstract: In the fight against the unauthorised sharing of copyright protected material, aka piracy, Dutch Internet Service Providers have been summoned by courts to block their subscribers' access to The Pirate Bay (TPB) and related sites.

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29 September 2014

Lawful Hacking: Using Existing Vulnerabilities for Wiretapping on the Internet by Steven M. Bellovin, Matt Blaze, Sandy Clark & Susan Landau Social Science Research Network

Abstract: For years, legal wiretapping was straightforward: the officer doing the intercept connected a tape recorder or the like to a single pair of wires. By the 1990s, though, the changing structure of telecommunications -- there was no longer just "Ma Bell" to talk to -- and new technologies such as ISDN and cellular telephony made executing a wiretap more complicated for law enforcement. Simple technologies would no longer suffice.

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25 August 2014

Between Coordination and Regulation: Conceptualizing Governance in Internet Governance by Jeanette Hofmann, Christian Katzenbach & Kirsten Gollatz Social Science Research Network

Abstract: This paper contributes to the recent move towards a more systematic reflection on the conceptual foundations of Internet governance. It is led by the question of how to define (Internet) governance in a way that is theoretically grounded as well as empirically instructive. For this aim, it mobilizes literature from the broader field of governance and regulation studies as well as sociological theory and applies these concepts to issues of Internet governance.

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15 June 2014

Time to terminate termination charges? OECD

It used to cost well over $2 a minute to call between OECD countries. The breakup of telecoms monopolies and the introduction of competition means callers now pay as little as $0.01 per minute, or may even have unlimited calls as part of a monthly bundle. Outside the OECD countries, the price has been dropping too, accompanied by a huge increase in traffic. Calls from the United States to India increased eight fold over 2003-2011 for example. But not everybody has benefited. Despite a massive increase in the number of telephones in Africa, international calls to that continent from the United States remained stagnant during this same period.

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12 May 2014

Online Dispute Resolution – The Phenomenon of the UDRP by Andrew F. Christie Social Science Research Network

Abstract: Judged against its objective of providing an alternative to litigation in national courts for resolving domain name disputes, the ICANN Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy has proved a phenomenal success.

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04 May 2014

Understanding ICANN's Complexity in a Growing and Changing Internet by Cecilia Testart, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Social Science Research Network

Abstract: Historically, the primary governance of the Internet has been in the hands of ICANN, a non-profit corporation appointed by the US government to develop policy for and manage the critical resources of the Internet: Internet Protocol addresses, Domain Names System and parameter numbers. However, because of the immense global influence of the Internet, other national governments and international organizations are seeking to rapidly become involved in this policy-development sphere. In this particularly decisive moment of the Internet, there is a need to understand the structure and processes of ICANN before any further change.

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15 April 2014

Confronting Collective Harm: Technology's Transformative Impact on Child Pornography by Jane Bailey [University of New Brunswick Law Journal] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: The epigraph suggests a dichotomy that makes categorization simple - those who accept that Internet and new communication technologies present changes "in kind" which necessitate abandonment of "old" ways of thinking about law, politics, and society, and those who deny this new reality and seek to treat it merely as incremental change. Those in the latter group are not infrequently portrayed as luddites, unwilling and unable to accept that technology necessitates rethinking everything from the ground up. Through the exploration of the impact of emerging technologies on child pornography, I suggest that this dichotomy is more fictional than real; technological developments can facilitate both transformative and incremental change. Perhaps more importantly, I suggest that transformations brought about by technology need not compel us in every instance to abandon old ways of thinking. These transformations may actually reaffirm the significance of previously made commitments and values that have been under-recognized in examinations of the justification for existing laws. In so doing, these transformations offer us not only the opportunity to get clearer about our values and commitments, but to explore new justifications for "old" ways of thinking that did not previously exist, were ignored, or were once considered weak.

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07 April 2014

Protecting Children from the Dark Side of the Internet by John Dayton. Anne Proffitt Dupre & Christine Kiracofe [Education Law Reporter] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: Allowing children to be exposed to pornography or other harmful materials on the Internet is patently unacceptable. So why are children still exposed to a very real threat of viewing these materials on the Internet a full decade after Congress began its efforts to protect children from this danger? Although it is clear that children need to be protected from harmful materials on the Internet, Congress' attempts to address this problem have raised difficult legal and practical questions.

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31 March 2014

SOPA, PIPA, ACTA, TPP: An Alphabet Soup of Innovation-Stifling Copyright Legislation and Agreements by Michael A. Carrier [Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: In the past few years, proposed copyright legislation and trade agreements have received significant attention. Critics have attacked the secrecy with which trade agreements are negotiated behind closed doors. And they have pointed out concerns with legislation including censorship, a lack of due process, and compromised Internet security. But the effect of these developments on innovation has not received sufficient attention. This article addresses this gap.

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27 March 2014

Crime in Cyberspace: Offenders and the Role of Organized Crime Groups by Roderic Broadhurst, Peter Grabosky, Mamoun Alazab, Brigitte Bouhours & Steve Ki-hong Chon Social Science Research Network

Abstract: This working paper summarizes what is currently known about cybercrime offenders and groups. The paper briefly outlines definition and scope of cybercrime, the theoretical and empirical challenges in addressing what is known about cyber offenders, and the likely role of organized crime groups.

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19 March 2014

Pew: Digital Life in 2025: Experts predict the Internet will become 'like electricity' - less visible, yet more deeply embedded in people's lives for good and ill Pew Research Center's Internet and American Life Project

This report is the latest research report in a sustained effort throughout 2014 by the Pew Research Center to mark the 25th anniversary of the creation of the World Wide Web by Sir Tim Berners-Lee. He wrote a paper on March 12, 1989 proposing an "information management" system that became the conceptual and architectural structure for the Web. He eventually released the code for his system -- for free -- to the world on Christmas Day in 1990. It became a milestone in easing the way for ordinary people to access documents and interact over the Internet -- a system that linked computers and that had been around for years.

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17 March 2014

Copyright Fraud in the Internet Age: Copyright Management Information for Non-Digital Works Under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act by Russell W. Jacobs Columbia Science and Technology Law Review

Abstract: With the advent of the digital age, authors of creative works enjoy the benefits of quickly and inexpensively distributing their works to global audiences. These developments have unfortunately led to the negative consequence that pirated, unauthorized, or altered copies reach potential users before the creator of the work releases the authentic version according to his or her terms. The Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 sought to address some of these concerns by punishing circumventions of technologies controlling access to copyrighted works (17 U.S.C. § 1201) and by protecting "copyright management information," i.e. the data identifying the author and the terms of use of a copyrighted work.

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10 March 2014

The Italian Google-Case: Privacy, Freedom of Speech and Responsibility of Providers for User-Generated Contents by Giovanni Sartor & Mario Viola de Azevedo Cunha International Journal of Law and Information Technology

In a recent decision of the Tribunal of Milan three Google executives were convicted for violating data protection law, in connection with the online posting of a video showing a disabled person being bullied and insulted. This paper, after illustrating the facts of the case and the reasoning of the judge, discusses the main issue at stake, namely, the role and responsibilities of providers of platforms for user-created contents with regard to violations of data privacy.

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03 March 2014

Could A Small Town in Romania bring Australia to its Cyber-knees? Not if They Accede to the EU Convention on Cybercrime by Angela Adrian Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology

Abstract: On 30 April 2010, Attorney-General, Robert McClelland, and Minister for Foreign Affairs, Stephen Smith, announced Australia's intention to accede to the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime. (Media Release, 2010) The Convention is the only binding international treaty on cybercrime. It serves as both a guide for nations developing comprehensive national legislation on cybercrime and as a framework for international co-operation between signatory countries. Cybercrime poses a significant challenge for our law enforcement and criminal justice system.

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26 February 2014

The growing tension between copyright and personal data protection on an online environment: The position of Internet Service Providers according to the European Court of Justice by Maria Ioanna Rantou European Journal of Law and Technology

Abstract: Online piracy is one of the most interesting, complex and topical issues relating to copyright today. It is engaging because it appeals to academics as much as it does to the general public, and it is as crucial for the governments as it is for the stakeholders involved. Moreover, from a legal perspective, it presents a multitude of interesting aspects to explore.

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10 February 2014

Graduated Response Policy and the Behavior of Digital Pirates: Evidence from the French Three-Strike (Hadopi) Law by Michael A. Arnold, Eric Darmon, Sylvain Dejean & Thierry Pénard Social Science Research Network

Abstract: Most developed countries have tried to restrain digital piracy by strengthening laws against copyright infringement. In 2009, France implemented the Hadopi law. Under this law individuals receive a warning the first two times they are detected illegally sharing content through peer to peer (P2P) networks. Legal action is only taken when a third violation is detected. We analyze the impact of this law on individual behavior.

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27 January 2014

The Privilege of Speech and New Media: Conceptualizing China's Communications Law in the Internet Era by Rogier Creemers Social Science Research Network

Abstract: Even though Article 35 of the Chinese Constitution theoretically guarantees the freedom of speech and of the press, it is a well-known fact that in reality, speech in China can be very costly indeed. In the massive body of laws and regulations promulgated in the area of culture after 1979, there are ample provisions imposing severe punishment for many speech or press-related activities, while few provisions protect expression against State.

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20 January 2014

International Internet Governance, Innovation & The International Telecommunications Union by Jonathan Sallet Social Science Research Network

Abstract:The 19th Century telegraph and the 20th Century telephone are relatively simple mechanisms of communication. A single technology, widely deployed, with content supplied by its users. The Internet ecosystem is much more complex - bringing together divergent technologies of transmission (mobile and fixed), usage, storages, hardware and software - empowering very divergent forms of content, personalized on each device that is connected to the network of networks.

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12 January 2014

Enhanced Cooperation in Governance by Samantha Dickinson, William H. Dutton, Marilia Maciel, Desiree Miloshevic & Vladimir Radunovic Social Science Research Network

Abstract: The concept of enhanced cooperation in Internet governance arose with the Tunis Agenda for the Information Society. In the years since the Tunis Agenda was written, "enhanced cooperation" has remained subject to differing interpretations. To assist with ongoing discussions on how to further implement enhanced cooperation in international public policy issues pertaining to the Internet, this paper presents an overview of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) documents and provides of description of a selection of activities in the Internet governance space where governments work with other stakeholders on issues related to international public policy.

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08 January 2014

Is Youtube a Copyright Infringer? The Liability of Internet Hosting Providers Under Spanish Law by Pedro Letai Social Science Research Network

Abstract: The working paper focuses on the current situation of Spanish legislation on Internet Service Providers liability, particularly dealing with the hosting service. It starts by presenting the Spanish liability system and the more salient peculiarities of the Spanish transposition of the safe harbors laid down in the E-Commerce Directive.

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03 January 2014

The Internet in China by Richard Cullen & D. W. Choy [Columbia Journal of Asian Law] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: The impact of the Internet on all spheres of life, political, commercial, and social, has been very significant. For a country like China, which regards modernization as a near absolute fundamental value, the allure of the Internet is immense.

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